eDistrict is one of the 31 Mission Mode Projects (MMP) under the National eGovernance Plan (NeGP). Department of Electronics & Information Technology (DeitY), Government of India (GoI) is the nodal Department for e-District, which will be implemented by State Governments through their designated agencies. The MMP aims at electronic delivery of identified high volume citizen centric services, at district and sub-district level.
The MMP envisages leveraging and utilizing the four pillars of e-infrastructure namely, SDCs, SWANs, SSDGs and CSCs, optimally to deliver public services electronically to citizens at their door steps. Initially, only those high volume citizen-centric services will be taken up for implementation which have high priority for the State. New services will be added to the portfolio subsequently, once the demand for the initial set of e-enabled services increases.
The following key principles were considered while implementing the eDistrict MMP National Rollout project.
1. Making e-District project service-oriented and transaction-oriented: Success of any MMP will be measured in terms of number of G2C transactions delivered per month across all services in the portfolio.
2. Minimizing the Time to Benefit: This objective is in terms of compressing the project timelines from conceptualization to completion, to deliver all the selected services across the entire State.
3. Ensuring the optimal use of Infrastructure: The objective is to optimally leverage the infrastructure created in the form of SDC, SWAN, SSDG, CSC and the other ICT infrastructure.
4. Leveraging the existing applications: In several States, there real ready applications developed by NIC or by the respective departments internally or through private agencies. These could be part of an MMP project or a non-MMP Project. Irrespective of the lineage of such applications, the effort should be to leverage them and deliver the services through a single front-end i.e. either through State portal or through e-District portal, preferably through a unified delivery mechanism at the ground level.
5. Attempting Rapid Replication: Every State/UT should aim to take advantage of the successful implementation of applications that have become fully mature in other States or have been successfully implemented on a pilot basis within the same State.
6. Redesigning the e-District Architecture: The strategy should be design/redesign the e-District Architecture as per the above principles. Designing the right architecture is the key to success in the e-District rollout.
7. Providing flexibility in implementation: As the requirements vary widely across the States/UTs as also the progress in e-Development, a key principle is to provide a degree of flexibility in implementation of the e -District MMP.
About eDistrict MMP
Districts are the de facto front-end of government where most Government-to-Consumer or G2C interaction takes place. To improve this experience and enhance the efficiencies of the various Departments at the district-level, e-District project was envisaged to enable providing of integrated and seamless delivery of citizen services by district administration through automation of workflow, backend computerization and data digitization across participating departments.
e-District MMP was conceptualized & approved in year 2011 with an intention to:
Create an enabling environment for development of applications to deliver high volume, citizen centric services at district & sub-district levels leveraging core e-infrastructure of SWAN, SDC, SSDG, CSCs
Front-ends under the scheme, in the form of citizen facilitation centers, are envisioned to be built at District-, Tehsil-, Sub-division- and Block- levels. Village-level front-ends would be established through Common Services Centers (CSCs) for delivery of services.
Key objectives of eDistrict MMP are:
- Efficient delivery of services with improved Service Levels
- Capacity Building of field functionaries
- Access to efficient, reliable, transparent and accountable Services
- Reducing service time & costs for the Government and Citizens
- Enhancing perception & image of the Government